There’s a lot of work to do in the ornithological field in Guatemala, a very simple question has been difficult to answer: how many birds are in Guatemala?
There is more question to respond: how many of them are resident? How many are migratory? Do we have extinct birds?
With the main purpose to have a solid answer to these questions we have reviewed historical records, traveled around the country and made research with modern tools like eBird to have a reliable and updated document about the list of birds in Guatemala.
We found 740 bird species properly recorded in 406 genera, these birds are classified in these categories:
- Resident birds 501
- Migratory birds 143
- Transient birds 37
- Pelagic birds 20
- Accidental birds 26
- Introduced birds 5
- Summer resident birds 4
- Extirpated birds 3
- Extinct birds 1
Resident: Bird known to breed and stay all year round in country.
Migratory: Bird is known to stay in the country during winter time.
Transient: Bird is known to occur regularly in the country for a short period of time, during migration journey from breeding to non-breeding territories.
Pelagic: Bird is known to occur in open sea.
Accidental: Bird with a few records in the country.
Summer resident: Bird known to breed in summer months in country.
Extirpated: Bird that is no longer exist in a territory, though it still exists elsewhere.
Extinct: Bird that disappeared completely from nature.